State-of-the-art Engineering Equipment

RAC 303.01 | Condensing Process Demonstration Unit

  • 1 experimental unit.
  • 5L distilled water.
  • 1 set of hoses.
  • 1 set of instructional material.
  • Length: 1000 mm.
  • Width: 550 mm.
  • Height: 790 mm.
  • Weight: 85 kg.
Technical Specification
Condensation forms when steam meets a medium with a lower temperature than the saturation temperature for the existing partial pressure of the steam. Factors such as the material and surface roughness of the medium influence the heat transfer and thus the type of condensation. In practice, it is usually film condensation. Drop wise condensation only forms when the cooling surface is very smooth and poorly wet table, e.g. Teflon. Knowledge of condensation processes is applied e.g. in steam power plants or at distillation processes. The experimental unit can be used to demonstrate the different condensation processes using two tubular shaped water-cooled condensers made of different materials. Drop wise condensation can be demonstrated by means of the condenser with a polished gold-plated surface. Film condensation forms on the matt copper surface of the second condenser, thus making it possible to examine film condensation. The tank can be evacuated via a water jet pump. The boiling point and the pressure in the system are varied by cooling and heating power. Sensors record the temperature, pressure and flow rate at all relevant points. The measured values can be read on digital displays. At the same time, the measured values can also be transmitted directly to a PC via USB. The data acquisition software is included. The heat transfer coefficient is calculated from the measured values. The influence of non-condensing gases, pressure and the temperature difference between the surface and steam can be examined in further experiments.
Experimental Capabilities
  • Drop wise and film condensation.
  • Determination of the heat transfer coefficient.
  • Effect of pressure, temperature and non-condensable gases on the heat transfer coefficient.
Labelled Diagram
The parts diagram of Condensing Process Demonstration Unit is given bellows such as:
  • Heat Exchanger.
  • Steam Trap.
  • Displays for Temperature, Flow rate and Pressure.
  • Cooling Water Connections.
  • Water Jet Pumps.
  • Temperature Sensor.
  • Valve for adjusting cooling water.
  • Copling water flow rate sensor.
Software Diagram
The software diagram of this apparatus working is given bellows such as: And its graphical representation between Pressure and Temperature is given bellows such as
  • Visualization of the condensation process of water in a transparent tank.
  • Two water-cooled tubes as condensers with different surfaces to realize film condensation and drop wise condensation.
  • Controlled heater to adjust the boiling temperature.
  • Water jet pump to evacuate the tank.
  • Pressure switch and safety valve for safe operation.
  • Sensors for temperature, pressure and flow rate with digital display.
  • Heater
  • Output: 3kW, freely adjustable.
  • Condenser
  • 1x tube with matt copper surface.
  • 1x tube with a polished gold-plated surface.
  • Water jet pump
  • Flow rate: 4…12L/min.
  • Pressure: 16mbar.
  • Safety valve: 2200mbar absolute.
  • Measuring ranges
  • Pressure: 0…10bar abs.
  • Flow rate: 0.2…6L/min.
  • Temperature: 4x 0…100°C, 3x 0…200°C.