State-of-the-art Engineering Equipment

HT-401 Free and Forced Conviction From Flate, Pin and Fin Plates

  • Investigate heat transfer in the air duct by forced convection.
  • Study of free convection.
  • Air duct with axial fan.
  • 4 heating elements with different geometries.
  • Continuously adjustable heating and fan power.
  • Display of temperatures, heating power and air velocity in the software.
  • Due to integrated microprocessor-based instrumentation no additional devices with error-prone wiring are required.
  • Length: 670 mm
  • Width: 350 mm
  • Height: 880 mm
  • Weight: 25 kg
Technical Specification

Convection is one of the three basic forms of heat transfer. Material-bound heat transport takes place. During convection the fluid is in motion. It offers basic experiments for targeted teaching on the topic of free and forced convection on various heating elements. At the heart of the experimental unit is a vertical air duct into which various heating elements are inserted. An axial fan is located on top of the air duct. The fan draws in ambient air and guides it through the air duct. The air flows past a heating element and absorbs heat. Four heating elements with different geometries are available to be selected. In order to investigate free convection, two of the four heating elements can be operated outside of the air duct. The heating elements are designed in such a way to release heat only at their surface. The compact design ensures rapid heating and a short time for experiments. The experimental unit is equipped with temperature sensors at the inlet and outlet of the air duct. The air velocity is measured to determine the air flow rate. Heating power and flow rate are adjusted and displayed via the software. The microprocessor-based instrumentation is well protected in the housing. The software consists of a software for system operation and for data acquisition and an educational software. With explanatory texts and illustrations the educational software significantly aids the understanding of the theoretical principles.

Experimental Capabilities
  • Free and forced convection.
  • Calculation of convective heat transfer at different geometries.
  • Flat plate.
  • Tube bundle.
  • Experimental determination of the Nusselt number.
  • Calculation of typical characteristic variables of heat transfer.
  • Nusselt number.
  • Reynolds number.
  • Investigation of the relationship between flow formation and heat transfer during experiments.
  • Description of transient heating process.
Scope of Delivery
  • 1 experimental unit.
  • 1 set of instructional material.
Air duct
  • Flow cross-section: 120x120mm.
  • Height: approx. 0.6m.
  • Heating elements, temperature limitation: 90°C.
Tube bundle
  • Number of tubes: 23.
  • One tube in variable position is heated.
  • Heating power: 20W.
  • Heat transfer area: 31.41cm2
  • Cylinder with an even temperature at the surface:
  • Heating power: 20W.
  • Heat transfer area: 111cm
  • Heating power: 40W.
  • Heat transfer area: 2x 100cm
  • Cylinder with heating foil to investigate the local heat transfer:
  • Heating power: 40W.
  • Heat transfer area: 111cm2
Axial fan
  • Flow rate: 500m3/h.
  • Pressure difference: approx. 950Pa.
  • Power consumption: 90W.
Measuring ranges
  • Air velocity: 0…10m/s.
  • Temperature: 4x 0…325°C.
  • Heating power: 0…50W.