State-of-the-art Engineering Equipment

FM-411.1 | Energy Losses in Bends Apparatus

  • Investigation of the pressure loss in flow through pipe fittings and in the ball valve
  • Sudden contraction and sudden enlargement, pipe bend, segment bend, pipe angle, and ball valve as measurement objects
  • Annular chambers allow precise measurement of pressure
  • Tube manometers for displaying the pressures
  • Bourdon tube pressure gauge for pressure measurement
  • Flow rate determined by base module
  • LxWxH: 750 x 550 x 950 mm approx.
  • Weight: approx. 10kg
Technical Specification
When water flows through a pipe system, the flow resistances causes pressure losses to occur at pipe fittings and valves and fittings. This unit can be used to investigate and visualise the pressure losses in pipe elements. The experimental unit can be used to assess how different pipe geometries affect the flow. The experimental unit comprises a pipe section containing several pipe elements with different flow resistances, as well as a contraction and enlargement piece. There is also a ball valve integrated in the pipe. There are pressure measuring points with annular chambers upstream and downstream of the pipe elements, which ensure accurate pressure measurement. The pressure measuring points can be connected in pairs to tube manometers in order to determine the pressure loss of a pipe element. The experimental unit is positioned easily and securely on the work surface of the base module. The water is supplied and the flow rate measured by. Alternatively, the experimental unit can be operated by the laboratory supply.
Learning Objectives
  • Investigate pressure losses at segment bend and bends
  • Investigate pressure loss at contraction and enlargement
  • Pressure loss at a ball valve and determination of a simple valve characteristic
  • Range of the two Bourdon type manometers: 0 to 2.5 bar.
  • Differential manometers range: 0 to 500 mm.
  • Number of Manometric tubes: 12
PVC Rigid pipes
  • Internal diameter: 25 mm.
  • External diameter: 32 mm.
Flexible pipes
  • Pressure taking-differential manometer.
  • External diameter: 10 mm.
Pressurizing equipment
  • External diameter: 6 mm.
  • External diameter: 25 mm.
  • Miter (90º angle).
  • 90º curve.
  • 90º medium elbow.
  • 90º short elbow.
  • 90º long elbow.
  • Broadening of 25/40.
  • Narrowing of 40/25.
Membrane valves
  • Diameter: 25 mm.
  • Antireturn: 6 mm.